The new edition of this popular textbook remains a clear and practical introduction to epidemiology for students in all areas of health. By emphasising the role of epidemiology across a broad range of health monitoring and research, it gives students an understanding of the fundamental principles common to all areas of epidemiology. It also integrates the study of infectious and chronic diseases as well as public health and clinical epidemiology. Avoiding complex mathematics, it steps through the methods and potential problems underlying health data and reports, while maintaining a balance of rigour and clarity. The nuts-and-bolts of epidemiology are embedded in the wider international health perspective through recent and classical examples across different areas of health to engage students from a range of backgrounds. Concepts are illustrated with charts and graphs, and end-of-chapter questions test understanding (with answers provided). Online resources include further exercises, slides for teaching and useful weblinks.Table of Contents 1. Epidemiology is …2. How long is a piece of string? Measuring disease frequency3. Who, what, where and when? Descriptive epidemiology4. Healthy research: study designs for public health5. Why? Linking exposure and disease6. Heads or tails?: The role of chance7. All that glitters is not gold: the problem of error8. Muddied waters: the challenge of confounding9. Reading between the lines: reading and writing epidemiological papers10. Who sank the boat? Association and causation11. Assembling the building blocks: reviews and their uses12. Outbreaks, epidemics and clusters13. Watching not waiting: surveillance and epidemiological intelligence14. Prevention: better than cure?15. Early detection: what benefits at what cost?16. A final word …Answers to questionsAppendix 1. Direct standardisationAppendix 2. Standard populationsAppendix 3. Calculating cumulative incidence and lifetime risk from routine dataAppendix 4. Indirect standardisationAppendix 5. Calculating life expectancy from a life tableAppendix 6. The Mantel–Haenszel method for calculating pooled odds ratiosAppendix 7. Formulae for calculating confidence intervals for common epidemiological measuresIndex.
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Titolo: Essential Epidemiology - An Introduction for Students and Health Professionals
Autori: Webb - Bain - Pirozzo
Editore: Cambridge University Press
Edizione: II 2010
Finitura: Copertina flessibile
Misure: 18x24 cm