The range of exciting new technologies that can be used to assess brain structure and function is growing rapidly, and researchers are now beginning to apply these to the study of developmental disorders, such as autism and dyslexia, whose cause has for many years remained a mystery. The articles in this volume illustrate applications of methods such as manual and automated structural brain imaging, diffusion tensor imaging, SPECT and electroencephalography to the study of diverse conditions, including developmental disorders of language and literacy, child psychiatric disorders, such as ADHD and autism, fetal alcohol syndrome and Williams syndrome. Empirical data are presented together with helpful descriptions of the nature and purpose of the different methods and a range of theoretical models of disorders are presented. This volume, incorporating 13 chapters by renowned experts, provides a wealth of useful information for postgraduates and academics in the field of developmental neuropsychology.ContenutiThe neurobiology of developmental disorders. Foreshortened dorsal extension of the central sulcus in Williams syndrome. Brain event-related potentials ( ERPs ) measured at birth predict later language development in children with and without familial risk for dyslexia. Anatomical signatures of dyslexia in children: Unique information from manual and voxel based morphometry brain measures. SPECT findings in children with specific language impairment. Individual differences in auditory processing in specific language impairment: A follow - up study using event - related potentials and behavioural thresholds. Neural correlates of eye - gaze detection in young children with autism. Children`s reading performance is correlated with white matter structure measured by diffusion tensor imaging. Gamma abnormalities during perception of illusory figures in autism. Abnormal brain activity related to performance monitoring and error detection in children with ADHD. Impaired cerebellar learning in children with prenatal alcohol exposure: A comparative study of eyeblink conditioning in children with ADHD and dyslexia. Specific language impairment is not specific to language: The procedural deficit hypothesis. Characterising compensation.
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Titolo: The Neurobiology of Developmental Disorders
Autori: Bishop - Eckert - Leonard
Editore: Elsevier - Masson
Collana: The Cortex Book Seris
Finitura: Copertina rigida
Misure: 21,5X30 cm