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copertina di Problem - Based Immunology

Problem - Based Immunology

di Gorczynski - Stanley  • 2006  • dettagli prodotto

DESCRIZIONE

It' s one thing to understand the basic science of immunology. It' s another thing to know how that science applies to the realities of patient care. This new resource uses skillfully presented clinical case studies to efficiently demonstrate the practical relevance of immunology knowledge in diagnosing a wide range of challenging conditions. It offers as an ideal way to review the fundamental principles of immunology ... and see them translated into real-world diagnosis and management! ContentsIMMUNIZATIONBackgroundRationale for immunization General principles of immunization Broad classes of vaccines Role of adjuvants Vaccine efficacy and safety Vaccine strategies in development Novel vaccine applicationsCases1. Deliberate natural immunization (Leishmania) 2. Immunization in the bioterrorist era; small pox (or anthrax) 3. Immunization in the elderly (influenza) 4. Passive immunization: tetanus toxoid 5. Novel approaches for HIV vaccines 6. Polio vaccines- Salk versus Sabin 7. Cancer vaccineHYPERSENSITIVITYBackgroundGeneral principles Gell and Coombs classifications Sensitization and effector phases of Types I-IV hypersensitivity reactionsCases8. Anaphylaxis 9. Asthma 10. Transfusion reaction 11. Hemolytic disease of the newborn 12. Serum sickness 13. Farmer’s lung 14. Tuberculosis 15. Poison Ivy dermatitisAUTOIMMUNITYBackgroundGeneral principles of tolerance induction Current evidence/hypothesis for loss of tolerance Evidence supporting a role for genetics in autoimmune disorders Immunopathology associated with autoreactive antibodies Immunopathology associated with T cell mediated damageCases16. Rheumatoid arthritis 17. Systemic lupus erythematosus 18. Graves’ disease 19. Wegener’s granulomatosis 20. Insulin dependent diabetes mellitus 21. Myasthenia gravis 22. Multiple sclerosis 23. Hashimoto’s thyroiditisIMMUNODEFICIENCY DISORDERSBackgroundGeneral principles of primary and secondary immunodeficiency disorders Dysfunctions that lead to primary immunodeficiency disorders affecting (a) T cells and B cells combined, (b) T cells, (c) B cells, (d) Complement, (e) phagocytes Conditions that lead to secondary immunodeficienciesCases24. Severe combined immunodeficiency disorder 25. DiGeorge’s syndrome 26. Chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis 27. Bruton’s agammaglobuliniemia (hypogammaglobulinemia) 28. Selective IgA deficiency 29. Hyper IgM syndrome 30. Chromic granulomatous disease 31. Hereditary neurotic angioedema 32. C3 complement deficiency or (C8 complement deficiency) 33. Leukocyte adhesion defect 34. Acquired immunodeficiency disorder 35. Alcoholism and secondary immunodeficiencyTUMOR IMMUNOLOGYBackgroundGeneral principles of tumor immunology Tumor specific antigens Tumor associated antigens Immunosurveillance mechanisms for eliminating tumors Evasion of immunosurveillance Novel therapiesCases36. Choriocarcinoma (?HCG ) 37. Colonic carcinoma (CEA) 38. Melanoma 39. Multiple myeloma 40. Waldenstrom’s macroglobulinemia 41. Hodgkin’s lymphoma 42. Liver (or testicular) tumor (AFP)TRANSPLANTATIONBackgroundGeneral Features Surgical and ischemia/reperfusion damage Role of activated tissue macrophages and activated vascular endothelial cells Adaptive immunity in graft rejection Tissue matching Non specific Immunosuppression Specific ImmunosuppressionCases43. Intestinal transplant 44. Pancreas transplant 45. Kidney transplant 46. Bone marrow transplant 47. Heart (or Liver) transplant

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ISBN: 1416024166

Titolo: Problem - Based Immunology

Autori:

Editore: Elsevier - Saunders

Volume: Unico

Edizione: 2006

Lingua: Inglese

Finitura: Copertina flessibile

Misure: 21x27 cm

Pagine: 268